Vivekananda Rock Memorial, Kanyakumari

A memorial to Swamy Vivekananda stands on a rock surrounded by sea at Kanyakumari where he was presumably meditated on 25, 26 and 27th December 1892 before leaving for Chicago religious conference. It is the point of convergence of the three seas, the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and the great Indian Ocean.

Swamy Vivekananda, the great disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (the best known saint of India during 19th century) and the founder of Ramakrishna Mission, on his quest to know the purpose of life, wandered all over India after the death of Sri Paramahamsa Dev. He came to Kanyakumari on 24.12.1892 and later, participated in the World Religious Conference at Chicago on 11th September 1893.

Vivekananda Rock Memorial

Vivekananda Rock Memorial

In his letter dated 19th March, 1894, Swamiji wrote from Chicago to Swamy Ramkrishnanda (a disciple of Sri Ramakrishna) mentioned about Kanyakumari (formerly known as Cape Comorin) and his plan. He wrote –

My brother, in view of all this, specially of the poverty and ignorance, I had no sleep. At Cape Comorin sitting in Mother Kumari’s temple, sitting on the last bit of Indian rock — I hit upon a plan: We are so many Sannyasins wandering about, and teaching the people metaphysics — it is all madness. Did not our Gurudeva use to say, “An empty stomach is no good for religion”?

He further wrote –

The long and the short of it is — if the mountain does not come to Mohammed, Mohammed must go to the mountain. The poor are too poor to come to schools and Pâthashâlâs, and they will gain nothing by reading poetry and all that sort of thing. We, as a nation, have lost our individuality, and that is the cause of all mischief in India. We have to give back to the nation its lost individuality and raise the masses.

(You can read his full letter here

A true Sannyasi’s realization was far above the religion and it was nation first. In 1962, people of Kanyakumari formed the Kanyakumari Committee to build a memorial to Swamy Vivekananda on the rock where he meditated. There were many religious agitations and obstacles against the construction of rock memorial. But inspite of all those, Shri Eknath Ranadhe (popularly known as Eknathji. He was a member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) succeeded in constructing the Vivekananda Rock Memorial with the donations from public and state Governments and central Government.

The memorial was inaugurated on 2nd September, 1970.

Vivekananda Rock Memorial - Night View

Vivekananda Rock Memorial – Night View

Kanyakumari is well connected with almost all the major cities of Southern India and getting there is quite easy. One can choose any mode of communication, rail, road or air, according to own preferences. Kanyakumari has a railway station and it is only 1.2 Km from the rock memorial ferry service. The nearest airport is in Thiruvananthapuram, capital of Kerala, which is at a distance of 86 km from Kanyakumari. It is also connected with an excellent network of roadways.

We arrived at Kanyakumari from Trivandrum before noon and decided to visit the rock memorial after checking into the hotel. Vivekananda Rock Memorial can be reached only by ferry service which connects the rock island to the mainland. We joined the tail of a long queue for ferry tickets and then continued with the same queue to board on the boat. There are two rock islands. Vivekananda Rock Memorial stands on the bigger one and on the smaller one, stands the huge statue of Thiruvalluvar, a renowned Tamil poet. Around 500 meters from the mainland, cruising into the sea, we were taken first to the Vivekananda Rock Memorial.

Vivekananda Rock Memorial consists of two Mandapams (Halls) – Vivekananda Mandapam and Sri Pada Mandapam.

Small square structure on the left is Sri Pada Mandapam and Vivekananda Mandapam is on the right.

Small square structure on the left is Sri Pada Mandapam and Vivekananda Mandapam is on the right.

Those who have visited Belur Math, the Ramakrishna Paramhamsa temple, in Kolkata will find similarity in the look of Vivekananda Mandapam. The stairs of the Vivekananda Mandapam led us inside the hall, where under the dome we saw the statute of Swamy Vivekananda in ‘Parivrajak’ posture. We then entered into another hall of the same structure called Dhyan Mandapam. It is the hall for meditation.

Vivekananda Mandapam

Vivekananda Mandapam

Swamy Vivekananda in ‘Parivrajak’ posture (Postcard)

Swamy Vivekananda in ‘Parivrajak’ posture (Postcard)


Dhyan Mandapam (Postcard)

Dhyan Mandapam (Postcard)

The small hall in front of the Vivekananda Mandapam is the Sri Pada Mandapam which is a square hall and where you will see the foot print of Goddess Kanyakumari. It is believed that Goddess Kanyakumari at this spot underwent penance and left her footprint.

Foot Print of Goddess Kanyakumari

Foot Print of Goddess Kanyakumari (Postcard)

Another view of Vivekananda Mandapam, photo taken from Sri Pada Mandapam

Another view of Vivekananda Mandapam, photo taken from Sri Pada Mandapam

Visitors returning from the Vivekananda Rock Memorial were then taken by ferry to the next rock island where we saw the huge statue of Thiruvalluvar. During my first visit to Kanyakumari in the year 1997, I did not notice this massive statue of saint poet Thiruvalluvar. It was a later addition and inaugurated in the millennium year 2000.

Statue of saint poet Thiruvalluvar

Statue of saint poet Thiruvalluvar

Feet of Thiruvalluvar

Feet of Thiruvalluvar

Kanyakumari is also popular for spectacular sunrise and sunset views on Sea. Here one can see sun rising from the sea and also setting into the sea. It was about 5.30 pm, the visitors started assembling near the seashore for seeing the sun setting into the Arabian Sea. Slowly it became a crowded area. All of a sudden there came a pick up in the business of the vendors who were selling coconut, tea and refreshments. It was a happy moment for them and for the visitors, a moment to gaze in the sky to witness the view of sunset. How wonderful it was to find a place for myself on a rock in the sea! I was standing there  with no one around and waiting  for a spectacular sunset view. But you need to have some amount of good luck to see such spectacular sunset and it was not with any of the visitors including me. However, we did see the sun going down into the Arabian Sea.

Sunset on Arabian Sea

Sunset on Arabian Sea

My wife and I came back on the seashore in the evening. It was a dark sea out there. I took my position. My wife, though knows little about DSLR camera handling, was extending all possible help to me. I was trying first time in my life, the night landscape photography. It was then all set to go. The lights glowed first on the Vivekananda Memorial and then on the statute of Thiruvalluvar! The lights remained hardly for few minutes and then went off. It was such a spectacular moment that we will remember for long.

Night View of Vivekananda Rock Memorial

Night View of Vivekananda Rock Memorial with statue of Thiruvalluvar

Early morning at about 6 am on the seashore, I was waiting for the sun to rise behind the Vivekananda Memorial on Bay of Bengal. The sky soon became warm with burning glow but did not last long. The mighty Sun blew up the sky all of a sudden and appeared flat. There was no sunrise view.

Sunrise view

Rock Memorial at Dawn

Ferry Service to the Vivekananda Rock Memorial

Timing: 7.45 am to 4.00 pm

Fare to and fro: Rs. 34

Entry fee to the rock Memorial: Rs. 20

Other Attractions

Kanyakumari Temple:

On the seashore locates the temple of Devi Kanyakumari, who is Devi Bhagawati in the form of adolescent girl. Devi Kanyakumari underwent penance on the rock island where Swami Vivekananda meditated. To enter into the temple male visitors need to remove cloths of upper body.

Devi Kanyakumari (Postcard)

Devi Kanyakumari (Postcard)

Gandhi Memorial Mandapam:

After the death of Mahatma Gandhi, his ashes were kept for public viewing near the seashore before immersing into the seas of Kanyakumari. In 1956 a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi was built on the place where his ashes were kept.

Gandhi Memorial, Kanyakumari

Gandhi Memorial, Kanyakumari

A person voluntarily guided us inside the memorial. He showed us a hole on the roof of the memorial through which sun rays fall on Gandhiji’s birthday, October 2nd, exactly on the place where the urn was kept. He further told us that the memorial’s central shape is 79 feet high which represents the age of Mahatma Gandhi while he died.

Inside the Gandhi Memorial

Inside the Gandhi Memorial

Image of Mahatma Gandhi inside the Memorial

Image of Mahatma Gandhi inside the Memorial

To describe the unmatched beauty of Kanyakumari, Mahatma Gandhi during his visit to the place on 15.01.1937 wrote (you can see this written on a plaque inside the memorial)-

I am writing this at the cape, in front of the sea, where three waters meet and furnish a sight unequalled in the world. For this is no port of call for vessels. Like the Goddess, the waters around are virgin.

Timing of Gandhi Memorial: 7.00 am to 7.00 pm

Gandhi Memorial Mandapam, Kanyakumari

Gandhi Memorial Mandapam, Kanyakumari


  • Indrani says:

    Very beautiful place. I have been there several times. Would love to visit again.
    Great pics.

  • Venkat says:

    Nice post on what used to be a wonderful place to visit. Nowadays, it is so commercialized and crowded(esp.during weekends) that we prefer nearby Nagercoil as our stay when we visit this region. Very nice and sharp pictures Anupam.The Night views and the one inside the Gandhi Memorial have come out really good.

  • Uday Baxi says:

    Dear Anupam

    Glad to see that the Kerala memoirs have started.
    I agree with Venkat with his views on night photography.
    I had visited this place in 2006. But we did not stay for the night and had returned to Trivandrum by evening. I remember taking dips at the spot where the seas and ocean meet. Good to have those memories refreshed.

    Anyway, I hope for more stories on Kerala trip.


  • AJAY SHARMA says:

    Excellent post with extraordinary photo frames. Even I did not find the statue on the other rock in 1999 during my visit. We visited purposely visited on 2nd October to witness the first ray on Gandhi Mandap. Very inspiring with those quotes wisely mentioned. Thanks Anupam for refreshing the faded memories.

    Keep traveling

  • Yadvinder Bharti says:

    Very well written. Verg infirmative abd descriptive. Best part is the details given by you These come hndy. Plz suggest some hotels. Thanx

    • Thank you for your kind words, Yadvinder Bharti :-) There are many hotels near the Memorial. Getting accommodation is not an issue there. You can choose one from many, average to deluxe hotel.

      Thanks once again.

  • Archana Ravichander says:

    The post has excelled in bringing the best out of the best south Indian destination. Kanyakumari is holy, scenic and historic. All in one, you see!

    Thanks for writing such a great post for us!


  • Arun says:

    waah-waah kya baat hai…Dada

  • Right now, I just saw the pics and the effect of seeing these pics has been kindling an intense desire to visit the place as soon as possible. I could not wait to read this travel story before leaving this comment because I know the story would deserve yet another comment. See you again, soon, dear Anupam !

  • Dear Anupam,

    Many childhood memories kept flooding back to me in waves after waves as I went through this post – Eknath Ranade, construction of Vivekananda Rock Memorial, three-coloured sand from the rarest of the rare meeting point of three different oceans at one place, views of spectacular sunrise and sunset from the same place and what not ! No, I have never visited the place myself but my father, who was part of the project (being In Charge of Vivekananda Rock Memorial Fund Raising Committee for District Dehradun) gave such detailed description of his visit to the Rock Memorial in 1970 so many times that we find it permanently etched into our memory chip!

    Thank you Anupam for giving such a nice description of the place with splendid pics, further enriched by the quotes from Swami Vivekananda’s letters and Gandhi Ji’s inscription – the combined effect of all of this has been a post worth copy / paste for future reference.

    Best regards,
    Sushant Singhal

  • Jatinder ethi says:

    I have no words to describe this post! I am spell-bound after reading and repeatedly looking at the pictures.

  • Mukesh Bhalse says:

    Superb post Anupam ji. Rameshwaram and Kanyakumari has been on our radar too since a long, let’s see when the wish comes true. The post has come out really very interesting. Pics are attractive and narration is informative.


  • Nandan Jha says:

    The three ocean pics show the effort and underlying passion you have for traveling and for giving us the best. Wow.

    Never been there but read so much that I am in a similar position as Sushant Sir. Thank you Anupam.

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