Periyar Tiger Reserve

Kerala has more than its fair share of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in the Western Ghats. Of these, the Periyar Tiger Reserve at Thekkady [Kumily] is the most visited. It is our favourite wildlife reserve simply because we have always seen wildlife there on every trip, without even trying to!

Wildlife at Periyar Tiger Reserve

At a mean altitude of around 900m, Periyar is never too warm. A wide brimmed hat at mid day in the height of summer is more than sufficient for comfort. Periyar is pleasantly cool in winter.

Twilight at Periyar sanctuary

Wild Boar outside our hotel

The visitor to Periyar has a lot to choose from the various “eco tourism” activities jointly promoted by the Forest Department along with the local tribals who used to be former poachers and obviously know the jungle best. The authorities have permitted the indigenous tribals to live in the periphery and to fish in the lake.

Those who want to see wildlife and who does not, must make the effort to do the first boat ride in the morning. Only the morning ride offers guaranteed sightings and most people who complain about not seeing wildlife here have taken later boat rides. We always prefer to walk to the jetty from the main entrance, so as to enjoy the Nilgiri Langurs and Giant Malabar Squirrels along the way. Not to mention the multitude of birds.

Malabar Giant Squirrel on Jackfruit Tree

Fern bedecked tall trees line the road leading to the jetty

KTDC operates double decker boats, suspended for awhile after the terrible tragedy of 2009, but now very much back in action, albeit with compulsory life jackets for all. The Forest Department offers single deck boats. Both offer equally good views! Tip: Get your hotel to book the tickets in advance especially in peak season, this will save you having to queue up for tickets early in the morning. All the boats depart in a synchronized flotilla at 7.30am or more usually after all passengers are on board.

Typical Periyar landscape - The dead tree trunks are from the submerged forest when the dam was built

Bisons and Elephants on the Lake Shore

Solitary Bird

Sambar Deer

The REAL King of the Jungle

As always, we saw bisons, elephants, sambar and wild boar. Some people have seen otters but we have never had such luck. The boat ride lasts about 2 hours offering excellent photo opportunities for beautiful landscapes, apart from wildlife. We sorely missed having a high optical zoom camera on our visits, which is a convenient excuse to go back. Remember to carry a good pair of binoculars, else you will have to make do with the pathetic Chinese ones available on rent.

Of the several activities available, we have done the forest treks and on our last trip we did the whole day bamboo rafting programme. This was quite a new experience involving rafting through the lake on a bamboo boat along with several stretches of walking through the forest. In all we must have walked about 14km that day, and it was worth it. We were fortunate to be the only people that day so we had the two guides and one armed guard giving us personalised attention throughout. The guides effortlessly lug heavy packs of simple home style breakfast, lunch and tea with crockery and cutlery thrown in for good measure. Leech socks which are canvas putties tied to your shoes are given to those who do the forest treks etc. They are not really necessary except when it is very moist and of course in the rains – when most activities are suspended anyway. Here are the pictures from the bamboo rafting day:

Wild Lagerstroemia Trees in the Forest

Landscape enroute to the Bamboo Raft

The Bamboo Raft - those are the 2 guides and the armed guard

Aboard the Bamboo Raft - Very safe - Bamboo never sinks!

Bison on the shore - he got up as we approached and sat down again when we left

Wild Boar

Wild Pholidota Orchids not in bloom

Trek route

– literally \’tied wood\'”]

Lunch break by the lake shore

Found these Antlers

Vibrant Blue Paris Peacock Butterfly

Milkweed Butterfly on Asclepias flowers

Drosera Indica - Deadly Carnivorous Plant - But not known to eat humans!

Another pretty butterfly

Elephants along our trek route

More Elephants

Back on the bamboo raft

Trek route

There are three hotels run by KTDC within the sanctuary, apart from Forest and Irrigation department guest houses. Hotels and lodges are available at all price ranges in Kumily. On our last trip we stayed inside the sanctuary and spent one day just wandering about on our own through the several short pathways leading from the road to the lakeshore. I was poring over some bright red caterpillars when my husband suddenly pointed up to a tall tree.

By the lake shore

Caterpillars of Tamil Lacewing Butterfly

A very rare, highly endangered Nilgiri Marten was peeping down at us from a crook in the tree. At the time we did not know it was a Nilgiri Marten and imagined it to be a type of giant squirrel – good enough for us. We took as many photos as we could in our excitement, though none of them came out well focused, no fault I might add of the camera. Nonetheless, they are priceless memories. Later on we learnt that it was a very rare sighting, and subsequently we have received enquiries from scientists and research scholars. Needless to say, that was the highlight of the trip.



The advantage of staying within the sanctuary is that at twilight if you take a short walk just out of your hotel, you are bound to see wild boar and sambar. Those who are interested can also stay at Gavi which is adjoining the sanctuary and offers its own array of “eco tourism” programmes run by the Kerala Forest Development Corporation. This is the place where a foreign tourist was killed by an elephant last year, however these one off incidents should not deter the visitor who wants to savour, and is willing to respect the wild. When we spotted elephants on our trek path while walking through the Periyar forest, our guides were most cautious and made us take a really long detour involving running some distance faster than the speed of light – or so it seemed at the time to us city slickers – to get away. They scolded us for stopping to take photos! Who would imagine that elephants can be so dangerous, they look so beatific and benign. One of our drivers whom we use on trips to the Nilgiris also told us that the most dangerous wild animal to fear even if you are in a closed vehicle, is the elephant. Especially if there are baby elephants around.


Kumily is also prime spice plantation country. Like everyone else, we too made the mandatory purchases of cardamom, cloves, pepper, vanilla et al in the market place. Another beautiful area we went to was Annakara, a short distance from Periyar. Chellarkovil is a rugged promontory here, overlooking the Kambam plains of Tamil Nadu, the high Palani ranges of Kodaikanal to the north, the Suruli waterfalls of Theni district in the mountains to the east and the Periyar reserve in the south. There is so much to enjoy in and around the Periyar Reserve, our few days are never enough and we look forward to spending at least a fortnight here on our next visit.


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  • ashok sharma says:

    its beautiful!!!!!!!!

  • Jerry Jaleel says:

    A beautifully written and well illustrated account of Periyar Tiger Reserve. Your photographs are wonderful closeups, especially those of the Giant Malabar Squirrell, various Butterflies, Elephants and Bisons.

    I was privileged to visit this luscious sanctuary at least a dozen times, and watched the changes over the years. A few new hotels have now competing with some of the old majestic hotels now. We used to stay at the state run Aranya Nivas, and enjoyed waking up with the chattering of different birds, including the parrots, the racket tailed drongos and hornbills, and watching langurs leaping from branch to branch crashing into the dense foliage.

    We have seen elephants, Gaur (Bison) Sambar and Wild Boars every time we went on the boat. The last few times they charged for the camera, and extra fee for the camcorders. Nevertheless, I got some nice footage of the wildlife, and was thankful to see the area is still protected and controlled by the Kerala Forest Department.

    North of this beautiful wildlife park lies a few more National Parks in Kerala : Eravikulam in Munnar where you will see the Nilgiri Tahr, Silent Valley and Parambikulam National Parks in Palghat, boasting a large number of leopards and a few tigers. Each one is unique and deserves special attention, as they are all eco friendly areas and effieciently managed.
    However, the best place to see wild elephants in Kerala is undoubtedly the Periyar Tiger Reserve.

    Thanks again for sharing your experiences.


    • Gita AM says:

      Thank you, Jerry. If I lived closer, I would surely be going there every week!

      The Pambadum Shola NP, Chinnar WLS and Thattekad Bird Sanctuary are also worth a visit.

  • manish khamesra says:


    As ever very well written and you always surprise me with the name of each flower photographed. I know how to name the birds, but flowers seems to me more difficult (as the type of flowers can be enormous). Kudos for such well researched articles.

    In my trip to Thekkady, I did not at all enjoyed the boat trip. But we had a small walk in the jungle and had an experience of bamboo rafting. That was the highlight :-)

    I can understand the pleasure you might had in spotting the rare Nilgiri Marten :-)

    Even the wild boar that you sighted in front of your hotel seems very big & a surprise catch.

    • Gita AM says:

      Thanks Manish, as you can probably make out, I love wild flora so knowing the names is quite easy.

      The boat ride must be the first in the morning to see wildlife. Even my parents who went on a separate trip could not see any as they reached late and did the midday boat ride. This is the case with a lot of visitors who end up disappointed at not having seen anything, but surely it is the same in most sanctuaries. The morning or at twilight is usually the best time.

  • Roopesh says:

    Hi Gita – Stunning post on Periyar reserve. The pictures are great especially the macro ones. Hope to visit this place sometime.

  • Mahesh Semwal says:

    Dear Gita,

    Very well written post equally supported with awesome pictures. Antlers pic was scary :-)

  • nandanjha says:

    You look at these photos and you get a feeling as if they are staring at you, ready to jump out of computer screen and get closer to you. Never been to Periyar or any of the places in Kerala.

    Where do you take us next ?

  • Onil Gandhi says:

    awesome…. if there be a ghumakkar for me to idolise … it would be you

    i liked “the solitary bird”, “Malabar Giant Squirrel on Jackfruit Tree”, “Fern bedecked tall trees line the road leading to the jetty”… and the best for me “HEAVENLY BLUE IPOMEA WILD CLIMBERS”

    wow again

  • Mukesh Bhalse says:

    Dear Gita,

    Mesmerizing pictures and interesting write up as ever.


  • Gita AM says:

    Thanks Roopesh, Manish, Nandan, Onil, Mukesh.

    Onil, it is undeserved praise but thanks anyway.

  • shubham says:

    Nice article with awesome pictures:)

  • Praveen Wadhwa says:

    Which plant is with the purplish flowers at


  • Gita AM says:

    It is mentioned in the caption. It is a wild Lagerstroemia speciosa tree in full bloom.

  • Praveen Wadhwa says:

    Saw it, sorry because I used large fonts and picture spilled out of the screen.

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