Life in the backwaters of Kerala

Kerala is  one of the most beautiful places on earth. It is blessed with high mountains, beautiful coastlines, dense rainforest, aromatic tea, coffee and spice plantations. The cultural heritage of Kerala goes back thousands of years, but one aspect of Kerala that I liked most during my recent trip was the backwaters in Kerala. Though you have backwaters in places like Trivandrum, Kollam etc. also it is in Alleppey that you find the labyrinth of the densest network of lakes, lagoons, canals and rivers that is unparallel in the world.

A Luxury houseboat  with a small boat in backwaters of Alleppey

A Luxury houseboat  with a small boat in backwaters of Alleppey

Indeed a lot of people like to call Alleppey (official name Alappuzha) as the Venice of India. I was in Alleppey last month and was fortunate enough to experience the unique life that people in the area lead.  As there is water ways everywhere of all sizes, people have adapted to the same just like fish to water. We took a few houseboats as well as small boat rides in the backwater and the experience was an eye-opener. Nowhere in India are people so much adapted to a life of using canals and boats in their day to day life as in backwaters of Kerala, which is also the home of famous snake boat race.

Just like you and I will have a bike or a car, almost every house hold in the area will have a small canoe or boat that is used for all day to day activities. Our day started on a small boat and we went to some villages situated on both side of the internal canals. It was a very interesting experience to watch the day to day life in the backwaters of Kerala. Most of the internal canals are not very wide and only small boats can go into them, leaving the bigger houseboats only on the main water ways. As it is difficult to reach these small villages quickly by road transport, people use boats to carry their produce to the main canals, from where trucks come and carry the rice to the wholesaler. This is not only cost effective but also quicker.

canoe in backwaters

People use boats in day to day life in Alleppey

As we entered the smaller canals the canopy of the trees casts a permanent shadow on the waters and even in the middle of the day you don’t feel the sun as the sun rays are blocked by the dense canopy of coconut, mango, jackfruit, banana and many other trees that grow in abundance in the fertile land. But the plants were not limited to growing fruit trees, one family has their own lotus garden in the water! Every now and then some kids enjoying a bath in the waters of the canals will wave at us, with their toothless smile.

A little girl enjoying a bath in water

A little girl enjoying a bath in canal

Indeed even very small kids are great swimmers in backwaters. I guess you need to learn swimming when you are surrounded by water from your childhood.

One of the most interesting aspects of backwaters is complete harmony with which the local communities, tourism and nature coexist and respect each other.  One of the mornings I got up to photograph birds and found two of them right on the  next houseboat peacefully waiting for passing by fish, and at just a few meters away a fisherman was laying his net to catch some crabs. I was happy to click pictures, the fisherman was happy catching his crabs, and the birds were happy knowing that I am only there to click pictures and not to harm them in any way.


Nature, tourism and local communities in harmony

Most of the houseboats and hotels in the area employ only locals, generating employment for the community and it keeps everybody happy.

As we continued our journey in the narrow canals we saw some housewives sitting on the edge of waiting to catch a fish for dinner, while the neighbors chatted blissfully. Where else in the world women meet in the afternoon to catch fish?  A little further a couple was doing the same, and we also saw some kids with their own little fishing rods made of twigs trying to catch fish.

catching fish

Housewives catching fish for dinner

Just like we have our kids going to school in bus in Alleppey kids go to school in School Boat, look at this school boat with kids inside, the boat as the two teachers stand guard at the gate with the bags kept on the roof f the bus….err  I mean the boat.

School Boat with Kids and teachers

School Boat with Kids and teachers

But the most interesting character that I found in the backwaters of Alleppey was this duck farmer who was taking his herd probably for a swim in the backwaters. Hundreds of ducks were swimming peacefully in front of him as he managed the herd single handedly. This must be the daily routine as when a turn came in the canals the ducks took the right canal without the duck herd telling them.  It was sight to watch hundreds of ducks swimming and going as a group with one lone man in a small canoe following them.

Duck farmer in boat

Duck Farmer taking his ducks for a swim

Next time you are in Kerala I would strongly recommend that you visit the backwaters of Alleppey and watch the life there little more closely, I can assure you will discover a few things on your own in the Venice of East.

houseboats in backwaters

Alleppey truly deserves the name ” Venice of East”

When to go: As Alleppey is in Kerala, the weather is hot through out the year, I would suggest you go during August when the annual Nehru Snake boat race is held. Otherwise anytime from August to April is good to visit.

How to reach:   Nearest airport is Cochin ( 85 KM 2.5 Hours). Direct trains to Alappuzha are available from most big cities in India.

Where to stay: For an authentic backwaters experience I would suggest you stay on a House boat and then take smaller boats to the narrower canals. You can book online on Lakes and Lagoons ( PH: 0477 2266842) or Rainbow Cruises  (+91 9447444077) packages start at around 8000 RS per night for twin sharing, including meals.

For more economical options starting from 1500  per night you can look at various  Home stays in the area.

Places to see:  

  • Champakulam Church is one of the oldest Portuguese Church in India and is on the route of Boat Cruises.
  • Alappuzha Beach With its historical pier extending into sea it is a popular picnic spot both for tourists and locals
  • Karumadi Kuttan   buddhist site from 11th century with a old statue of Lord Buddha
  • Mannarasala Nagaraja Temple 32 KM south of Alleppey, this temple dedicated to the serpent god or Nagaraj is considered to have wish fulfilling powers, specially for those wishing for a child.
  • Village Tour Your boat man should take you to some local village to show local activities like coir spinning, toddy making, thatch roof making etc.


  • Nandan Jha says:

    DT, what a wonderful way to narrate the story of life in backwaters, almost like taking us on a boat ride. Never been there (it is quite an expense from Delhi to plan a week long Kerala holiday :-)) and hoping to experience this sometime with a lot of time/leisure at hand.

    Thank you for including the useful links around homestays and cruises. Write more often.

  • Anupam Chakraborty says:

    Hello Prasad,

    Fisherman was happy, birds were happy, you were happy too and now reading your this beautiful post I am very much happy. How beautiful is your way of narrating the experience, yes I too felt like Nandan on a boat ride with you.

    It is really nice, informative and useful. Thank you for sharing with us.

    Keep traveling and keep sharing.

  • Prasad Np says:

    Thanks Anupam.. appreciate your kind words.

  • Venkat says:

    Prasad, nice appetizing photos of Alleppey backwaters. Thanks too for all the links to the cruises and homestays.

  • silentsoul says:

    Gr8 post with outstanding fotos

  • Ashok Sharma says:

    beautiful photographs of the enchanting Alleppy backwaters.very good post.

  • h.l. singh says:

    nicely composed frames ….with equally good description..thanks

  • Nirdesh Singh says:

    Hi Prasad,

    Delicious photos of Kerala backwaters – one of the few states I have not been to yet.

    I want to think of these photos all the time so that I also find myself there soon!

    Enjoyed the laid back tenor of the post as if going on a languid boat ride under the coconut trees.

    Keep writing!

    • Prasad Np says:

      Hi Nirdesh: Kerala is mentioned as one of the must visit places by National Geographic Magazine, and after visiting it again I can vouch for the same..

      Thanks for your comment.

  • Very nice post Prasad with really beautiful pictures. We visited Alleppey in June 2009 and experience was similar to what you explained here. House boats are excellent and equipped with everything, I asked the cost and they mentioned that from few lacs to couple of crores.

  • AJAY SHARMA says:

    Hi Np!
    Extremely glorious post with enthralling photos. The informations are note worthy. Narration is skilful and speaks a lot in fewer words, well supported with relevant pictures. Excellent framing, which makes a picture meaningful and you excel in that. Kudos!

    Keep travelling

  • Hi,
    Great blog post, amazing pictures. Thank you for sharing such a beautiful insight.

  • puzha says:

    From among d 4-5 reviews i started to read all were damn boring but this one ws truly appreciable as each & evry minute details are described. thank u so much. i ll tc of the imp notes u made.

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