A :- Mrityunjay Mahadeva Temple
B :- Kalbhairav temple
C :- Main Godowlia Chowk
D :- Sri Kashi Vishawanath Temple
E :- Sri Kashi Visalakshi Temple
F :- Nepali Temple
G :- Sri Gauri Kedareshwar Temple
H :- Sri Durga Devi Temple
I :- Sankat Mochan Temple
J :- Tulsi Manas Mandir
Dear Soul Mates,
In my previous post of Varanasi I showed you the main and foremost deities of Kashi. Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Visalakshi Mata Temple and Kaalbhairav Temple. But Varanasi is city of many more important temples written in scriptures and puranas. There are more than eight hundred temples in Varanasi . And I will show you only some of the important ones whom I visited.
Series of temples are present on the banks of Ganga and whom one can visualise and visit having a boat tour in Ganga river . One can also walk on the banks of river on the ghats of Ganga to take the tour. Of these the important ones and one which I visited are
The King of Nepal had built this temple on Lalita ghat on Ganga river at Varanasi in Nepali style. This Nepali temple is also called the Kathwala temple. The temple has some magnificent and articulate woodwork. Tourists from all over the world come just to see this temple which has no comparison with any other temple in India because of its magnificence The workers and sculptures who carved this temple out were brought from Nepal. The wood which is used in the temple is also found in Nepal.The specialty of this wood is that even termites do not eat this wood. There is a statue of Nandi Bull outside the garbagriha and inside the garbagriha there is a shivalinga called Pashupatinath Mahadeva.
Gauri Kedareshwar Temple
There was a devotee named Vashishta who was a great devotee of Lord Shiva. He remained Brahmachari all his life and used to perform each and every linga pooja. He used to go to Kedareshwar temple in Himalayas every poornima of Chaitra month ( March April ). After the death of his Guru he started residing in Kashi. He still went o Kedareshwar temple in Himalayas till the age of 61. But due to old age he could not move and started praying Lord Shiva at Kashi. Lord Shiva being pleased with him appeared befre him and stayed in Varanasi in the form of Kedareshwar.
Kedareshwar temple is present on the banks of Ganga on Kedar Ghat and the Shivalinga is replica of Kedarnath Shivalinga like a hump.
Apart from this the important temples on Ganga river ghats are Shitala Devi Temple on Shitla Ghat, Temples on Assi Ghat.
Then after having visited temples on Ganga Ghats and Kashi Vishwanath temple , Visalakshi temple and Kaal bhairav temple we decided to have lunch and rest in the afternoon. There after roaming in Varanasi Nagari in the evening.
Next day we booked an auto for five hundred rupees and visited all the important temples in South Varanasi . They are as follows. Durga Devi , Sankat Mochan Temple , Tulsi Manas Temple and Tridev temple are all nearby.
Sri Durga Devi Mandir
Durga temple is also known as the The Monkey Temple as one of the important temples of Varanasi. This temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga. The Durga temple was built in the eighteenth century. A Bengali Maharani built the Durga temple in Nagara Style (the North Indian style of temple architecture). It is stained red with ochre and has a multitiered shikhar (spire). The Durga temple is situated on a rectangular tank, called the Durga Kunda. According to the Puranas, Goddess Durga has kept this place for many centuries and protects the holy city of Varanasi from the South.
According to legends the present statue of Goddess Durga was not made by man but appeared on its own as swayambhu in the temple. In Hinduism Durga Devi is represented as the embodiment of shakti or female power clad in red riding a tiger and fully armed with Shiva’s Trishul , Vishnu’s Sudarshan chakra and a sword. Non-Hindus can enter the courtyard of the Durga temple but not the inner sanctum.
Sankat Mochan Temple
Sankat Mochan temple is one of the important and angelic temples of Varanasi amid in the southern allotment of the city. It is committed to Shri Pawanputra Lord Hanuman. Tulsidas, the columnist of the acclaimed Hindu ballsy Ramacharitamanas, founded the Sankat Mochan temple at the sight where he got the vision of Lord hanuman during his life. Every Tuesday and Saturday, bags of admirers and devotees chain up in foreground of the Sankat Mochan temple to action prayers to Lord Hanuman. According to Vedic Astrology, Hanuman protects animal beings from the baleful furnishings of planet Saturn Shani and those who accept ill placed Saturn in their astrological charts go to the Sankat Mochan Temple for remedy. People abode “Sindoor” on the Lord and offer laddoos . The “Sindoor”, from the bronze of Lord Hanuman is accustomed as alms to the devotees. Bi-Weekly ceremonies are held every Tuesdays and Saturdays when Akant nama sangeerthanam especially “Kishkindha Kanda” and “Sundera Kand” of Ramcharitmans are recited.
Tulsi Manas Temple
Tulsi Manas temple is one of the most famous temples of Varanasi. The Tulsi Manas temple is located near the famous Durga temple. It was built in white marble in the year 1964. The temple has been made more charming by the magnificient landscaping around it. The Tulsi Manas temple is dedicated to lord Ram. It is believed to be built at the same place where Tulsidas wrote the famous Indian epic, Ramcharitamanas. The walls of the Tulsi Manas temple are engraved with verses and scenes from the Ramcharitammanas, the Awadhi ( Hindi) version of the Ramayana. The temple is open from 5.30 AM to!2.00 noon and 3.30 PM to 9 PM.
This temple is near Tulsi Manas Temple and it is dedicated to Salasar
Hanuman, Rani Sati Dadi and Khatu Shyam – all these deities have their own distinct temples
at Salasar, Jhunjhunu and Khatu cities respectively in Rajasthan. This temple is very
beautiful large and spacious. This is worth visiting in nights when all lights are present.
Then we went to visit New Kashi Vishwanath Temple in BHU and finally at Ramgarh Fort outside Varanasi after Assi ghat in Opposite direction and Vyasa Mandir in the fort .
Birla Vishwanath Mandir
The New Vishwanath temple of Varanasi is located in the premises of the Benaras Hindu University (BHU). It is also called the Birla Vishwanath temple as the famous industrialist family of India, the Birla familyconstructed it . The New Vishwanath Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is a exact replica of the original Old Vishwanath temple. The temple is built in white marbles and was planned by Shri Madan Mohan Malviya, the founder of the Benaras Hindu University. The most important characteristic and rule of the new Vishwanath temple is that it is open to people from all castes and religions. The huge campus and garderns of New Vishwanath Temple is a delight to the eyes of tourists .The interior has a Shiva lingam and verses from Hindu scriptures are inscribed on the walls.It is a must watch.
Dear Soul Mates,
There are still lot of important temples in Varanasi like Tilbhandeshwar Mahadev, Bharat Mata temple etc. with never ending list. Temples of Saints like Kabir are also present.But due to shortage of time we didn’t have time to visit all those. Till Then