Shimla to Kaza – A Road Review

August 11, 2009 By:

Its not very common for me to not rush my road-reviews. Yeah thats two nots, read again. Its not very common for me to not rush my road-reviews. But as you grow up (and old) you sort of start to mellow down. In my case I would still blame on office-work, home-work, in-transit-work for my procrastination rather then this mellow philosophy, after all in the end we did drive all the way from Delhi-to-Shimla-to-Kaza-to-Manali-to-Delhi. So here’s a road review of Shimla-Kaza circuit. Delhi-Shimla is already covered here and any updates on that route are best to be found there.

Shimla-Kaza is a long one and its not a single day-light drive. We did in two parts, first Thanedaar-Sangla and then Sangla-Kaza. Both took a great part of day.

img_1073
Himalaya, Rocky Mountain High

The route can be divided into following 7 sections

1. Shimla – Rampur
2. Rampur – Wangtu – Karchham
3. Karchham – Espillo
4. Espillo – Khab
5. Khab – Nako
6. Nako – Chango – Sumdoh
7. Sumdoh – Tabo – Dhankar – Kaza

1. Shimla – Rampur
Distance – 100 KMs , Driving Time – 1 hours 45 minutes

As you approach Shimla, you would find a fork, the right of which goes to Rampur via Shimla-bypass. It seemed like a obvious choice but our confirm-at-next-turn experience made us take a U turn. When we asked few bus drivers, we were almost forced to go back since the bypass road is much more longer or so it was told. As a result of that U turn, we entered Simla city, after a while took a left which goes through a tunnel kind of thing and then it was Simla everywhere. Being the capital city, Simla is pretty big and if not it being a hill, it would compete very closely with other bigger towns in terms of overall chaos, garbage, haphazard development and what not. We had started from our home at Indirapuram, Ghaziabad sometime around 0530 hrs and it was already beyond 2, so we ignored the city and after a 30 minute slow but moving drive, we carried on towards our destination of the day viz. Thanedar.

Thanedar is the apple country of India and I would try to do that story separately. As we went past Kufri, I called up the hotel guys and was told that it would be at least 3 hours away, so we stopped for lunch at the roadside dhaba. It was a fairly clean dhaba and our steward-waiter had this high-pitch tone, made us wonder that probably Pankaj Kapoor researched this accent for ‘The Blue Umbrella’.

We reached Thanedar which is not on main highway and left next morning at around 1000 hrs. We were on inside roads and with couple of clean-the-windshield-using-stream-water and giving a lift to a lady, ensure that we spent close to 2 hours before we joined NH22 again. It was lovely driving through winding inner roads, flanked with apple orchards, with no traffic and hardly any movement.

As we drove further, the road gets wider and better. There is a large Power Plant thing being done and from now till Spillow, power plants were constantly accompanying us, seemed as if HP is going to be the power capital of the world. Gradually Pines gave way to Eucalyptus and it was difficult to believe that we are really in Hills. Later we figured out that Rampur is at 900-1000 m while Shimla is at 2200-2300 meter. Thats quite a gap.

So courtesy non winding wide roads, we picked up speed and with in no time we found ourselves at Rampur. Rampur seemed more industrious then Simla.

2. Rampur – Wangtu – Karchham
Distance – 70 Kms , Driving Time – 2 hours

welcome-to-kinnaur

We were now in Kinnaur. AS we approach Wangtu, you would encounter a massive power plant project by JayPee group. Roads are all gone, probably for a better future. You gain height and roads jutting out of rocks becomes a more common sight. As you go further from Simla, the vehicle density keeps going down and while there were lot of truck movement because of power project, we started to see less of roadways buses, jeeps and other local transport.

welcome-to-kinnaur

The landscape is green, rocky and big. The canvas is beginning to grow and you now can see far and wide. We took a break post Wangtu and had our thought-fully packed-lunch which our hotel guys gave us. It took just a small request to a small sweets shop to let us sit inside and have our food. We did try to buy a coke and few munchies to keep him in good humor but guess that was not needed. We carried on. Its so much different to be in a shop with no rush. A couple was enjoying the soda pop waiting for the next bus, the guy must be in late twenties and from the conversation which I could gather, he seemed to be in a mood to stretch it and ensured by convincing his partner to skip the bus which came while we were not done with our food.

More of Kinnaur in Pics. Its beautiful.

kinnaur-3

kinnaur-2

kinnaur

A note for my fellow ghumakkar, biker dude, Indians do not need to take any permit in Recong Po or infact till Kaza, as you pass through Espillo you do need to get registered and again at Sumdoh.

Our destination of the day was Sangla, a beautiful valley and Karchham was our point of detour. The road from Karchham to Sangla is best left unaccounted. Well, its a single lane narrow road with a gorge on one side and towering rocks on the other. The road is as winding as it would want to be and if there is an oncoming vehicle and if you are on the gorge side, well it does test your nerve. A miss or a slip or a push can make things end. Sorry to scare you but if you are ever going towards Sangla, ensure that you reach Karchham when its broad day light.

When we reached our camp, it was almost 5 PM, it was heartening to listen to other folks on how dangerous the drive was. You are never alone.

3. Karchham – Espillo – Khab
Distance – 80 Kms , Driving Time – 2 hours 30 minutes

You come back to Rakccham to join the main road which would be with you till Sumdoh. There is hardly any traffic till Rakccham but as you hit it, the power-plant-caravan catches up. Keep driving among tall mountains, an accompanying river to keep the monotony away.

pooh

Take extra caution to fill-up the tank at Powari since that’s the only petrol station you would find before Kaza. It was noon and we passed several very small villages which in fact could hardly be noticed but owing to a little bit rough terrain, hills and almost none traffic, we were not going too quick. Sometimes absence of rush makes you go slow, strange.

karchham-pooh

karchham-espillo

On the way, you see some of the huge falls, portions of roads which have never seen two vehicles side-by-side ever, since their width can’t accommodate them (ok ok.. poor joke, move on) , tall huge rocky mountains, a LOT of clear Sun and occasionally a snow-peak. I am not a sun-glass guy but sometimes its so bright that you better use them.

towads-espillo

It was not too late when we reached Espillo and there you get into the protected zone. There is a small barricade and you log your credentials with the Army there. A small quick conversation and we move further. Its gets more lonenly post Espillo.

5. Espillo – Khab
See 4.

espillo-onwards

Though the distance is not too much for this section but I would rate this section as the most demanding. It could see the best of your patience, grit and perseverance. The driver in you need to take the front seat and the video-gamer would have to wait for a while. This section has the famous Khab zig.

khab-zig

As you go further and survive some of the real bad patches, you notice that you have started climbing. And after a while you would see that you are actually going in a zig pattern with one side having a not-so-high mountain rubble wall and the other side down-looking at the previous zig-arm which you just left. Though this may not sound too harsh but each arm of zig is fairly long, probably a Km or may be less so at that scale you are climbing and as you would have guessed its a 1.5 lane road. So if you get company from the other side and you are on the dont-look-down side of zig, you have it. Its not uncommon to occasionally run into a Army caravan with their ‘Shaktimaans’ in a big long line.

towards-ka

The views though makes up for the challenges. There are more than many places where you can pull in and take a eye full of the mammoth surroundings. I say mammoth because the mountains are like real big tall huge mountains, the Himalayas, you can see as far as you want to, as deep as you want to and sometimes feel strange to find just you, your spouse and your 4 year old as a company.

khab

You get that ‘Waiting for Godot’ kind of feeling and you really don’t think that this road can ever go to a dusty town, it might appear so much of out-of-world that you better try to get out of it and start driving again.

We tried to capture the zig. Look at pictures and try to get the scale.

You go all the way up and are at 3000 mtr, the place is called Ka, I believe. The snow peaks are at the same eye-level. Just be there, look around, feel special and move on.

6. Khab – Chango – Sumdoh
Distance – 40 Kms , Driving Time – 1 hour

khab-sumdo

Khab has nothing more than a few auto shops but there is a village down the road, a monastery where you can stay for the night and I believe some lodges. We kept moving and noticed a raised hand looking for a lift. We let her in. She was with us till Chhango, another village few KMs away. I was surprised to find her speak very good Hindi and we got wiser about the local terrain and ways. We bid goodbye to her at Chhango and gave ride to another lady with a small baby. We drove a few meters and noticed these two backpackers. I stopped and they requested for a ride till Tabo. The journey from Khab to Nako sees much more habitation but you are really in an arid land now and you can’t miss it. We dropped the lady with the baby at some place and our conversation with the two backpakkers continued. The roads are good, not too wide but its simpler to drive, you do get long stretches of straight strip of tar.

khab-sumdo-2

The guy was Peter and the lady was called Lucy, with such common names, you would not believe them assuming that it can’t be true, reminds of Badal Sircar’s ‘Evam Indrajit’ play where the protagonist says that his name is Nirmal when the other three who are accompanying him are called Amal, Vimal and Kamal. Peter and Lucy are originally from Czech but working in Afghanistan. For last three months they have been traveling in India and it was probably their 4th or 8th trip. They were with an NGO and take up assignments, save money, get out to travel. Because of their extensive traveling there were very well versed with India, Indian names, a bit of culture and all that. We did share our common interest around ***ching things we do not like.

Now we were traveling amid total arid, rubble mountains. The area looks more like a part of China than India, from names to features and probably that’s what this whole country is all about, with varied cultures, varied terrains and what not.

sumdo

At Sumodh, we stopped again to get our vehicle registration logged. Peter and Lucy had to undergo a little more detailed procedure since their permit needed to be scrutinized. All this happened in not so much time and we moved towards Tabo by 4ish.

7. Tabo – Dhankar – Kaza
Distance – 60 Kms , Driving Time – 1 hour 30 minutes

tabo-kaza

Their being with us ensured that we got the much needed company and its not much a distance to cover from Tabo to Kaza where it would be back to three of us. We dropped them at Tabo where they were to stay there for the night at the Monastery and were planning to be at Dhankar the next day and finally at Kaza. Tabo looked like a small town with a Buddhist gateway welcoming you. Not many rather any people.

We quickly shot this assuming its a Yak. True City people. Its a cow.
We quickly shot this assuming its a Yak. True City people. Its a cow.

From Tabo, it was to be to Dhankar. You keep going, it was getting dark by now but now we could find longer stretches of straight strips. Dhankar came and went as another small clean town with the Monastery and the last leg was spent wondering on how Kaza would be.

dhankar-to-kaza

It was almost dark, 7 PM or so, when we entered Kaza and it took a bit of asking around to reach our destination. When I finally reached our hotel, and shook hands with the manager, It was hard to imagine that we have come that kind of distance from Delhi.

The Kaza-Manali, the reason for which we did all of this was still left and the roads were not yet open. As I lay flat in the bed, looking around the humble room, with all our bags scattered and my spouse giving some hot-water leg-massage to our 4 year old, it was getting difficult to believe that we have finally made it.

Thanks for reading this far. A day well spent.

About Nandan Jha

Nandan Jha has written 114 posts at Ghumakkar.

Well traveled.......is what I would want to be tagged as, definitely far shorter of that as of now but hoping to reach there. Also, I genuinely believe that traveling builds tolerance, we do more of it, we build more tolerance, we build more peace, one trip at a time. Google

149 Responses to “Shimla to Kaza – A Road Review”


  1. Anando says:

    Dear Suman,

    I think you are making a mistake. This is a very short trip you are making for such a place specially considering YOU HAVE TO ACCLIMATISE . Chitkul is very high up . Also I would suggest you stay longer at kalpa coz it has better place to stay, you can try the hptd hotel , its nice. I stayed there. Atleast go for 7 nights .

  2. Suman DG says:

    Thanks Anando-I will then go in with 7days plan- can you please help me devide the 7 nights for me- like where to stay more..

  3. Anando says:

    I am guessing you are going through Shimla , if thats true then you can stay one night at Narkanda 3 nights in kalpa/reckong peo and 2 nights in Chitkul. Chitkul is technically a very small village however its really beautiful..its so high up yet its in a valley between lush green mountains .

    I had put up some photos of kalpa and chitkul here..u can check it out . Rest one day at kalpa to acclimatise.

    http://www.opinionated.in/opinion/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=158:my-partially-successful-trip-to-kinnaur-and-spiti&catid=42:pointless-ramblings&Itemid=73

  4. Nandan Jha says:

    @ Suman – Anando has already answered most of your questions. Sangla has better acco options and you can do a easy lunch-trip from Sangla to Chitkul.

    You would see snow in Sangla and Chitkul. Narkanda gets snow as well but you would be a bit early for it. You get tons of snow in June on Kaza-Manali stretch (Kunzum, Rohtang).

  5. Anando says:

    I read people are saying they have either done or will be doing Behror to Narkanda? I think its nuts. There is always a huge traffic jam these days outside Delhi/Gurgaon that takes around 3 hours to come out of. I think a better idea would be to stay in Gurgaon and then start early morning to Narkanda.

  6. Nandan Jha says:

    Hi Jyoti,

    Responding to your query here so that it is easier to track. Please make a new comment if you have more questions.

    1. Indore-Behor would take most of your day and then Behror to Narkanda would be a long haul as well. Leave as early as possible from Behror to avoid traffic at GGN Toll. Did you explore coming via NH2 ?

    2. Since first two days have been pretty long, avoid Sarahan. It is on a detour and would make Sangla drive hard. The last leg of Sangla drive should happen in day light. Skip Sarahan.

    3. Skip Kalpa but stay for two days at Tabo. 2 days at a place would give you a much needed break before we climb further to Kaza and Tabo is like being in heart of Spiti. Kalpa is for ‘Mount Kailash’ view which you can see somewhere or the other as you drive to Tabo.

    4. Pin has a different access point. Needs more time. Skip. You already have quite a plate full.

    5. Good thing you did by booking hotels. :-) If you are already booked at Kalpa and can’t change it then let be it.

    6. Chandrataal needs more planning. Find out status at Kaza and then decide. Kunzum is a high pass so you dont know when the weather would change hence keep more time with you and keep moving.

    7. Manali Delhi is again a long haul. And Delhi-Indore would again need a break. So instead I would suggest that you break your journey at ‘Mandi’ and visit ‘Rewalsar Lake’. Next day start from Rewaslar and go as far as ‘Shivpuri’ and stay in jungle.

    Wishes.

  7. Anando says:

    Ya those are good points but again I would suggest gurgaon rather than Behror …because I have found traffic jams at 3 am at that point

  8. Hi Nandan, the way you have presented the Shimla – Kaza road trip, it seems to be quite interesting. I and my friends have been planning a road trip from a long time; this is a great idea. Thanks for providing the details.

  9. Rubal Walia says:

    Hey,
    Thanks for posting such informative blog. Will be really helpful in my travel to Kaza. I have a question though. Will a Maruti Ritz go on this road (Sangla to Kaza)?

  10. Nandan Jha says:

    Rubal – Thanks. Ritz is an excellent choice because vehicles like Ritz (and Alto, Santro etc) are very agile so altitude wont come in way. They are very successful in hills and they never get stuck because of being light.

    The only problem which I see is the ground-clearance, especially beyond Rakchham since in certain sections the roads are in pathetic conditions because of power-plant business (heavy machineries, heavy vehicles ruin the road, not much can be done except to wait for the power-plant work to finish) so be careful. Do not load the back too much and go steady. All the best.

  11. Rubal Walia says:

    Superb! sounds great. I’ll take my chances, I guess :). Thanks again. Your quick response is much appreciated.

  12. Yohann says:

    Hi,

    How long would it take approx from Kasol to Nako by bus and car ?

  13. Nandan Jha says:

    Kasol to Nako via Aut-Rampur and then the regular Indo-Tibet road would be in excess of 12 hours. Kasol to Nako via Manali-Kaza would again be in excess of 12 hours.

  14. Kailash Mehta says:

    hi Nandan
    Great post. Definately I planned for this road trip in my next vacations. Nice & well descriptive writeup.
    Great Work.

  15. akash vashisth says:

    1.I would like to ask that is it the same pattern journey as while going to leh as i have been thr .
    2.which all cars are preferable thr . as i have altis or i have to arrange suv sought.
    3. whr will be hotels available in whole tour .
    4.

  16. Nandan Jha says:

    Hi Akash –
    If you have driven to Leh then Shimla-Kaza is much simpler. Kaza-Manali via Baltal can be harder than Leh. Of course it greatly depends on when you go.

    Altis would work fine, just be watchful in Karcham area where the road is broken because of numerous power projects.

    Hotels are available at most of the places. Kaza, Sangla, Kalpa, Sarahan and Shimla are bigger towns and would have hotels.

  17. Nitin says:

    Hi Nandan,

    Found out your earlier comments very useful.

    I am trying to plan my journey in two halves. First at Kalpa for 1 day. Then at kaza for next 2 days. Back to kalpa for 1 day and sarahan for one day. Is it ok. Can I cover most of the nearby places.

    Can you also please suggest on the following :-
    1. Driving time from Shimla- Kalpa
    2. Driving time from Kalpa- Kaza

    Thanks
    Nitin

  18. Nandan Jha says:

    Hi Nitin – Shimla-Kalpa would be about 8 hours (may be a bit less). Kalpa-Kaza would take 8 hours. I would suggest that you spend 1 full day at Kalpa (try to reach by late afternoon and leave by noon next day). 2 days at Kaza and then break at some other place (may be Tabo/Shoja or some place else). Wishes.

  19. Sujoy Palit says:

    Hi Nandan,

    Enchanting and a very informative read as above. Would be reaching Shimla/Manali on 7th Oct with my family (spouse, twins 5+ yrs old). Starting 8th – Intend to visit Shimla – Kalpa – Kaza – Kunzum La – Rohtang – Manali – Delhi (to reach Delhi by 13th morning/eve) or Manali – Rohtang – Kunzum La – Kaza – Kalpa – Shimla – Delhi.

    Few queries :
    1. Is this doable within 7th – 12th, will it be very hectic with kids, is it advisable?
    2. If not, how should I plan my itienary (start – end dates fixed)
    3. Where should I plan my stays/night stays?
    4. Where should I take the cab from, will small cars like indica worth journey or else and approximate per/day expenses?
    Awaiting your response on this and thanks in advance!

    Best Regards,
    Sujoy Palit

  20. Nandan Jha says:

    @ Sujoy – Thank you for your praise. I wrote a long comment but then deleted it. I wont advise it with 2 young kids. That terrain can be unpredictable beginning October.

    If you are keen on Himalayas then doing a relaxed Manali Hills (Mandi, Manali, Kasol, Manikaran etc) or Kumaon (Nainital Lake district, Binsar, Ranikhet, Kausani etc) might be more manageable.



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